SDS Citric Acid


FHPLAB Family Health Products Inc.

OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200.

Prepared to GHS Rev 3.


SDS Revision Date: 11/01/2022



Product identifier:

Other means of identification: CAS number:

Recommended use: Recommended restrictions:


Citric Acid 50% Solution. 1043


Consumer Commodity Cleaning and Polishing Agent. Pharmaceutical Applications. No data available

Manufacturer/Importer/Supplier/Distributor information:


Company Name: Company Address:


Company Telephone:

24hr. Emergency Telephone:



Family Health Products INC. 13854 C plaza Omaha Ne 68144





Classification of the chemical in accordance with paragraph (d) of §1910.1200:


Physical hazards

No physical hazards for this product.

Health hazards

Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1 Serious eye damage/irritation Category 1

Environmental hazards

No environmental hazards for this product.

Signal word:                                                                    DANGER.

Hazard statement(s):                                                     H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.

H318 - Causes serious eye damage.

Hazard symbol(s):










Precautionary statement(s):


  • P260 - Do not breathe dusts or
  • P264 - Wash hands thoroughly after
  • P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/ eye protection/face
  • P301+P330+P331 - IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce
  • P303+P361+P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
  • P304+P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for
  • P305+P351+P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue
  • P310 - Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
  • P321 - Specific treatment (see instructions on this label).
  • P363 - Wash contaminated clothing before
  • P405 - Store locked
  • P501 - Dispose of contents/containers in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Hazard(s) not otherwise classified (HNOC):   None known.

Percentage of ingredient(s) of unknown acute toxicity:

50% of the mixture consists of ingredients of unknown acute toxicity (oral/dermal/inhalation).




Mixture: Citric acid and water mixture.


Chemical name


(weight %)


Citric Acid






Inhalation: Move person to fresh air. If person is not breathing, call 911 or an ambulance, then give artificial respiration, preferably mouth-to-mouth if possible. Call a poison control center or physician for further treatment advice.

Skin contact: Take off contaminated clothing. Rinse skin immediately with plenty of water for 15 – 20 minutes. If irritation develops, call a physician.


Eye contact: Flood eyes and eye lid area with water for 15 minutes. Call a poison control center or physician for treatment advice.


Ingestion: Drink large amounts of water. DO NOT induce vomiting. Consult a physician if necessary.

Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed: May cause mucous membrane irritation. May cause acute gastrointestinal irritation. May cause skin and eye irritation.

Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed: If any symptoms are observed, contact a physician and give them this SDS sheet.



Suitable extinguishing media: Water, water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide or foam. Remove container from fire source if possible and safe to do so. No unsuitable extinguishing media known.

Specific hazards arising from the chemical: None known.

Hazardous combustion products may include: CO (Carbon Monoxide), CO2 (Carbon Dioxide).

Special protective equipment and precautions for fire-fighters: Wear MSHA/NIOSH-approved, self- contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing.




Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures:

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation.

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up:

SMALL SPILL: Wear appropriate protective clothing (see Section 8). Contain spill if possible to do so without risk of personal injury or harm. Wipe up or absorb spill on suitable material.

Place in approved container for disposal.

LARGE SPILL: Wear appropriate protective clothing (see Section 8). Restrict access to contaminated area. Stop spill at source. Dike to prevent spreading. Wipe up or absorb spill on suitable material. Place in approved container for disposal. Follow all local, state, and federal regulations for disposal. Do not contaminate water while cleaning equipment or disposing of wastes.



Precautions for safe handling: Avoid allowing material to dry. Resultant powder is more irritating than liquid and should avoid being breathed. Wash all splashes and spillages with water. Avoid letting washings go to storm sewers or waterways without neutralization. Comply with all existing regulations for discharges. .

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibles: Store in a cool, dry place away from incompatible materials, protect containers from damage.





Control Parameters:

Occupational exposure limits:



Permissible Exposure Limits



(8 hour)


(15 min)

Citric Acid (anhydrous)

15 mg/m3

None available

Citric Acid 50% solution

None available

None available


ACGIH Threshold Limit Values



(8 hour)


(15 min)

Citric Acid (anhydrous)

10 mg/m3

None available

Citric Acid 50% solution

None available

None available


Other Exposure Limits: None available.

Appropriate engineering controls: Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Good industrial hygiene practice dictates that indoor work areas should be isolated and provided with adequate local exhaust ventilation. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.


Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment:

Eye/face protection: Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to NIOSH. Use suitable eye protection, tested and approved under appropriate government standards.

Skin and Hand protection: Handle with gloves (Nitrile rubber). Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands.

Respiratory protection: None normally required if good ventilation is maintained.

Other: None normally required. Use as necessary to prevent exposure. Work clothing should be changed daily. Contaminated clothing should be removed and washed thoroughly before re-using.

Thermal hazards: None known.



Physical state:                                                                 Liquid.

Color:                                                                               Clear colorless.

Odor:                                                                                           Acidic odor.

Odor threshold:                                                                          Not available.

pH:                                                                                               1.65 +/- 0.3

Melting Point/Freezing Point:                                                   29oF

Initial Boiling point/Boiling Range:                                          208oF.

Flash point:                                                                                 N/A—Water borne product.

Evaporation rate:                                                                       Not available.

Flammability (solid, gas):                                                          Not available.

Upper/lower flammability

or explosive limits:                                                                     Not Determined.

Vapor pressure (MMhG):                                                         Not known.

Vapor density (Air=1):                                                               Not known.

Relative density (Specific gravity):                                           1.241 (Water = 1.000)

Solubilities (water, other):                                                         100% - Complete.

Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water):                                    Not available.

Auto-ignition temperature:                                                       Not known.

Decomposition temperature:                                                     Not available.

Viscosity:                                                                                     Not known.




Reactivity: Stable.

Chemical stability: This material is stable under normal handling and storage conditions.

Possibility of hazardous reactions: Material is not known to polymerize.

Conditions to avoid: Not known.

Incompatible materials: Strong Bases, Oxidizing Agents.

Hazardous decomposition Products: CO (Carbon Monoxide), CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) may be formed on burning in limited air supply.



Information on likely routes of exposure:

Inhalation: May cause mucous membrane irritation with symptoms of a sore throat, coughing and/or shortness of breath.

Ingestion: May cause acute gastrointestinal irritation with abdominal pain.

Skin: May cause irritation with redness, swelling and pain.

Eye: May cause irritation with redness, pain, conjunctivitis, possible eye burns, ulceration and permanent cloudiness.


Symptoms related to the physical, chemical, and toxicological characteristics: None known. Delayed and immediate effects and chronic effects from short or long-term exposure: May cause conjunctivitis and/or dermatitis with long or repeated contact.

Acute toxicity:

Ingredient Information:



Test Type (species)


Citric Acid

LD50 Oral (Rat)

LD50 Oral (Mouse)

7280 mg/kg

5045 mg/kg

LD50 Dermal (Rat)

> 2000 mg/kg

LC50 Inhalation, Dust

None known

Product Acute Toxicity Estimates:

L.D.50/p.o./rat 11,700 mg/kg

L.D.50/p.o./rat 885 mg/kg

L.D.50/p.o./mouse 5,040 mg/kg

L.D.50/p.o./mouse 961 mg/kg

Carcinogenicity: None of the components are listed in the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Report on Carcinogens (latest edition) or has been found to be a potential carcinogen in the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs (latest edition), or by OSHA.




Product data:

Toxicity to Fish (LC50/96h/goldfish=440-706 mg/L Toxicity to Bacteria (ECO) - >10,000 mg/L

Ingredient Information:



Test Type





Citric Acid


Fish - Leuciscus idus

melanotus (Orfe)

440 mg/L (48h)


Invertebrate - Daphnia

magna (Water flea)

1535 mg/L (24h)



None available

Persistence and degradability:              Readily biodegradable: (BOD) = 528 mg O2/g.

Chemical oxygen demand = 728 mg O2 /g

Bioaccumulative potential:                    98% after 2 days.

Mobility in soil:                                       No data available.

Other adverse effects:                            No data available.



Disposal instructions:

Any disposal must be in compliance with local, state and federal laws and regulations. Contact local or state environmental agencies for specific rules.




DOT: UN 3265. Corrosive Liquid N.O.S (Citric Acid), Hazard Class 8, PG III IATA: UN 3265. Corrosive Liquid N.O.S (Citric Acid), Hazard Class 8, PG III. IMDG: UN 3265. Corrosive Liquid N.O.S (Citric Acid), Hazard Class 8, PG III.






United States Federal Regulations: This SDS complies with the OSHA, 29 CFR 1910.1200. The product is hazardous under OSHA.

SARA Superfund and Reauthorization Act of 1986 Title III sections 302, 311,312 and 313: Section 302 – No chemicals in this material are subject to the reporting requirements of SARA Title III, Section 302.

CERCLA/Superfund, 40 CFR 117, 302: Not listed.



C.A.S. Number

Weight %

Section 311/312

Citric Acid



Acute Health Hazard

Section 313 – List of Toxic Chemicals (40CFC 372): This product does not contain the chemicals (at level of 1% or greater) found on the 313 list of Toxic Chemicals.



This SDS contains specific health and safety data is applicable for state requirements. For details on your regulatory requirements you should contact the appropriate agency in your state.

California Proposition 65: This product does not contain any chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or any other reproductive harm.

New Jersey Right to Know: Citric acid is listed on the New Jersey Right to Know list. Pennsylvania Right to Know: Citric acid is listed on the Pennsylvania Right to Know list. Massachusetts Right to Know: No components are listed on the Massachusetts Right to Know list.



Canadian Controlled Products Regulations (WHMIS): This product has been classified as Class E (Corrosive Material) in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the SDS contains all the information required by the Controlled Products Regulations.




Revision Date: November,01,2022

DISCLAIMER: The information contained within this Material Safety Data Sheet is for the specific material described herein only and may not be valid if the material is used in combination with any other materials or process. All information appearing herein is based upon data obtained from the manufacturer and/or recognized technical sources. While the information is believed to be accurate, FHPLAB Family Health Products Inc. makes no representations as to the completeness or accuracy of this information.  The user is responsible to determine the completeness of the information  and suitability for the user’s own particular use. The information provided herein is supplied under the condition that the person or persons receiving this information will make their own determination as to its suitability for their purpose of use and shall assume all risks of their use, handling, and disposal of the material. FHPLAB Family Health Products Inc. expressly disclaims all express or implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to the material or information provided herein, and FHPLAB Family Health Products Inc. shall, under no circumstances, be

liable for incidental or consequential damages.